What’s “Up”?

Jack ran up the hill.

Jack ran up the bill.

Why can we also say “Jack ran the bill up” but not “Jack ran the hill up”?

What does “up” add in the following:

She’ll try to climb up your leg, man!

I’m gonna clean up the mess.

Sorry I messed you up.

There used to be a place up in Toledo.

They laid off a bunch of really high up people.

(c) 2020 JMN

About JMN

I live in Texas and devote much of my time to easel painting on an amateur basis. I stream a lot of music, mostly jazz, throughout the day. I like to read and memorize poetry.
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