Uh, You, Hey, I’m Talking Here!

Scribal gestures.’ayyuhā-n-nāsuO people! yā ’ayyuhā-l-malikuO king! ’ayyuhā-l-mar’aẗuO woman! ’ayyatuhā-l-mar’aẗuO woman! (again); yā ’ayyuhā-n-nafsuO spirit! yā ’ayyuhā-l-^iruO caravan! ’ayyuhā-l-laḏīna ‘āmanūO you who believe! (Examples from Wrights’ Grammar)

ḥarfu-n-nidā’ — “the particle of calling out,” (exclaiming, direct address). It establishes a “vocative dependency” with the noun that follows. That noun, according to certain rules, will have either a nominative or an accusative case ending.

I like to think of the vocative particle as a clamoring word: Listen up!

(c) 2022 JMN — EthicalDative. All rights reserved

About JMN

I live in Texas and devote much of my time to easel painting on an amateur basis. I stream a lot of music, mostly jazz, throughout the day. I like to read and memorize poetry.
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